A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF NORTH SUMATRA
During the Dutch colonial era, there had been a government system called "Gouverment Van Sumatra" which administered all of Sumatra, headed by a governor in Medan. At that time North Sumatra was divided into several administrative areas called regencies.
At the beginning of Indonesia's Independence, Sumatra still belonged to one united territory, called The Province of Sumatra which was led by a governor. It was divided into several administrative regencies headed by regents. To facilitate the communication among the various parts of the defense systems, the National Regional Committee decided in its first meeting that the Province of Sumatra was to be divided into three provinces; i.e., North Sumatra (including Aceh, East Sumatra, and Tapanuli regencies); Central Sumatra, and South Sumatra.
Early in 1949, the government system was restructured in Sumatra; the governor was promoted to be a commissioner who was responsible for controlling and conveying the people's aspirations to the government from both civilian and military sectors. North Sumatra was divided into two special military regions, such as ; Aceh and Tanah Karo headed by a military governor, Tgk. M. Daud Berueh. Tapanuli. East and South Sumatra were led by a military governor, Dr. F.L. Tobing.
In 1956, the government system of North Sumatra was reorganized again as it is now. It now has 6 municipalities and 3 administrative cities.
The details describing
the development of tourism are given in the chapters that follow.